EnerGEO is a European project (2009-2013) on Earth Observation for monitoring and assessment of the environmental impact of energy use. http://www.energeo-project.eu/. The Platform of Integrated Assessment is one EnerGEO outcome.

The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Program (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement no. 226364 (EnerGEO project).

Platform of Integrated Assessment

The Platform of Integrated Assessment (PIA) aims at assessing the environmental and health impacts by computing and gathering key information on human activity for different energy scenarios over the next 50 years.

The PIA focuses on annual direct assessment of impacts related to three key pollutants:

The PIA has been elaborated to provide impact results for the baseline scenario: (1) the number of years of life lost (YOLL) due to anthropogenic emissions of fine particles (PM2.5), (2) the Ozone-related mortality, (3) global warming potential (GWP). Those impacts results were obtainned with a set of models, namely GAINS Model (IIASA) and LOTOS Euros (TNO), which provide the pollutants concentrations.

Within the PIA, algorithms have been developed to convert these air pollutants concentrations into impacts on human health.

Fine particulates of size 2.5 µm (PM 2.5)

Indicator calculated: Loss of Life Expectancy (LLE) in term of Days Of Life Loss per person (DOLL) or Years Of Life Loss (YOLL) for a population over 30 years old in 2005 until death.


Indicator calculated: yearly premature mortalities for the populations


The annual temporal distribution of PM2.5 concentrations and ozone concentrations SOMO35 (sum of means over 35 ppb, daily maximum 8-hour) from 2005 to 2050 are issued from two models:

GAINS (Greenhouse Gas and Air Pollution Interactions and Synergies) model from IIASA (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Austria). http://www.iiasa.ac.at/web/home/research/researchPrograms/GAINS.en.html

LOTOS-EUROS model from TNO (Environment & Geosciences, Department of Climate Air & Sustainability, The Netherlands).


Both models (GAINS and LOTOS EUROS) deliver the concentrations of pollutants in Europe, following four mix energetic scenarios elaborated by the German Aerospace Center (DLR):

These pathways were combined with three sets of assumptions about emission control measures:


Gschwind, B., Lefevre, M., Blanc, I., Ranchin, T., Wyrwa, A., Drebszok, K., Cofala, J., Fuss, S., Including the temporal change in PM2.5 concentration in the assessment of human health impact: illustration with renewable energy scenarios to 2050, Environmental Impact Assessment Review (2014, in press).

Lefevre M., Gschwind B., Blanc I., Ranchin T., Wyrwa A., Drebszok K. M., Cofala J., Fuss S., Human health impacts for Renewable Energy scenarios from the EnerGEO Platform of Integrated Assessment (PIA). In Proceedings of the 27th Conference on Environmental Informatics - Informatics for Environmental Protection, Sustainable Development and Risk Management - 27th International Conference on Informatics for Environmental Protection, Hambourg : Allemagne (2013).

Lefevre M., Blanc I., Gschwind B., Ranchin T., Drebszok K. M., Wyrwa A., Loss of Life Expectancy related to temporal evolution of PM2.5 considered within energy scenarios in Europe. In SETAC Europe 23rd Annual Meeting, Glasgow : Royaume-Uni (2013).